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Defining Mental Disabilities

A mental disability, also called a psychosocial disability causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. It is defined by a combination of a person’s behaviour or how he/she feels and thinks. The causes are either genetic or traumatic incidences. Recreational drugs can also offset a psychosis. Examples of mental illnesses include depression and anxiety disorders, bipolar, eating disorders, schizophrenia and intellectual disabilities.

The prevalence of mental health in women: Fact or Fiction?

According to a study published by the Journal and Brain Behaviour- American Psychological Association (2016), one in three people suffer from mental illness, but the rate is much higher in women. Forty percent of women are more likely to develop depression than men. They are also twice as likely to develop Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) than men, with 10 percent of women developing the condition compared to 4 percent in men. People in society, in general, ascribe it to women being more emotional than men. They cite hormonal disposition in women.

Psychiatrists are not sure why mental health is prevalent in women but have put it down to the following factors; trauma, discrimination and stressful life experiences. Trauma is common among women, with half of all women experiencing some form of trauma during their lives, such as sexual assault or abuse by domestic violence. These traumas are risk factors for a host of mental illnesses.

Women also have to work harder than men to get promotion adding to anxiety and stress in the workplace. Another factor is that certain medical practitioners are more likely to put women’s ailments down to depression whereas men will be referred to a physiotherapist. This results in admissions to a psychiatric hospital being higher in women than men.

Some disorders like depression and anxiety are more common in women than men but there are also some types of disorders unique to women than men. Perinatal depression and premenstrual dysphoric premenopausal disorder are the ones unique to women.

What can be done to make life easier for women with mental disabilities?

  • Get help fast. You might need to see a psychiatrist who can prescribe medication to
  • Get a balance in your hormones or serotonin in your brain.
  • If a situation gives you distress consult a social worker or psychologist.
  • Avoid situations causing you distress
  • Take time out for yourself. You first have to take care of yourself before you can take care of your loved ones.
[ Posted 23 September 2019 ]

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